Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition marked by flaking of the skin on your scalp. Although dandruff isn't contagious and is rarely serious, it can be embarrassing and sometimes difficult to treat. The good news is that dandruff usually can be controlled. Mild cases of dandruff may need nothing more than daily shampooing with a gentle cleanser. More stubborn cases of dandruff often respond to medicated shampoos or a series of treatments which can control hair loss too. Dandruff can be caused due to yeast, dry skin, skin conditions or any illness. With proper treatment from the professionals this condition can be permanently treated.